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Sirdarya

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SYRDARYA REGION

Syrdarya Region- was founded in 1963 year.

Area – 5,1 thousand km2

The administrative center is the city of Gulistan (118 km from Tashkent).

Dachshur Gulistan (“City of Gardens”) – a small village Mirzachul, which in 1952 year was the center of development of steppe lands for cotton.From the north-east and East, the territory of the region is bounded by the valley of the Syrdarya River, from the South – by the spurs of the Turkestan Range, from here, wavily falling to the north-west it passes into a clay desert with stunted vegetation – this is part of the Mirzachul steppe. Lack of water and great salinity of the soil left this region lifeless for many centuries and it was called “The Hungry Steppe”.It was here that irrigation construction in Uzbekistan began for the first time. May 17, 1918 Lenin signed the Decree, according to which significant amounts of money are allocated for irrigation works in Turkestan. The offensive on the Hungry Steppe began in 1920. In 1956, the Government passed a resolution to turn the Hungry Steppe into the largest oasis in Central Asia. Thousands of hectares of virgin land were planted and planted with cotton, wheat, planted with vineyards and gardens. During the Soviet period, more than 650 km of large irrigation canals (Golovnoye, South Golodnostepsky named after Sarkisov) and drainage ditches, drainage ditches, preventing swamping and salinization of soils were dug in the steppe. In addition to the main canals, a large number of collectors have been built (Bayaut – the largest of them) for collection of saline and washing water, drainage systems that promote irrigation.The climate of the region is arid (annual precipitation is about 250-300 mm), the winter is cold (-250С -300С) and it is snowless. Summer is dry and hot (from + 400C to + 450C). Already in May all the ephemeral vegetation on the uncultivated areas of the Hungry Steppe burns out before it can finish its development.The leading branch of agriculture is cotton growing, but also cereals, vegetables, horticulture and livestock are widely developed. The region is famous for its Mirzachul melons, which differ from their brethren, grown in other regions with a special aroma and sweetness.The large enterprises of the region include: cotton ginning plants, oil extraction plants, a combine of building materials and structures. Many enterprises for processing local raw materials.In the Syrdarya region, there are higher education institutions: a branch of the Tashkent Institute of Agricultural Irrigation and Mechanization of Agriculture, State University.

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