The Andijan region was founded in 1941 year.
Area – 4,24 thousand km2
The administrative center is the city of Andijan (447 km from Tashkent).
In the East of the Ferghana Valley, Andijan Region is located, which covers an area of less than 1% of the territory of Uzbekistan, but is the most populous region – about 10% of the total population of the republic.
On the eastern side of the region are the foothills of the Alai and Ferghana ranges, which protects against the invasion of cold air masses, and from the west – a flat elevation. Winter here is short and mild, and summer is dry and hot (+ 450C).
The leading branch of agriculture is cotton growing.
Region is the leader in Uzbekistan for growing cotton and processing it into fiber. From East to West, the Karadarya River flows through the territory of the region, the waters of which are used mainly for irrigation of cultivated land, therefore, horticulture, vegetable growing, grain growing, melon growing, viticulture, silkworming are widely developed here (cocoons production is 15% in the whole country). Meat and dairy cattle breeding is well developed.
Favorable geographical location of the region, which is a transport hub in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, allows the development of extraction and processing of minerals, gas and oil (10 large oil and gas fields), house-building and machine-building industries (the automobile factory in Asaka produces Chevrolet, GM Daewoo “,), chemical and textile production, food industry.
There is a branch of Tashkent Institute of Textile Industry, State University, institutes: medical and foreign languages, economics and management, cotton growing.
There are suggestions that Andijan existed already in the first centuries BC. on the Great Silk Road, and in the X century was known under the name Andukan as a large trading and craft city, which arose on the ancient sediments of the Andijan River. Under the Timurids the city became the capital of the eastern part of Ferghana, and during the reign of Zahiriddin Babur (great-grandson of Tamerlane) in the 16th century – the capital of the entire Fergana Valley. The production of cotton and silk fabrics earned him fame in the XIX century far beyond the Fergana Valley.
The edge of ancient history and original culture is distinguished by high seismicity, which creates certain difficulties in the construction of high-rise buildings. The most devastating was the earthquake of 1902, which caused great damage to Andijan.
In spite of everything, the city is decorated with new buildings of modern architecture with the use of elements of national Uzbek traditions and with the mandatory application of anti-seismic devices.