BUKHARSKY VILOYAT – was founded in 1938
Area – 40.30 thousand km2
The administrative center is the city of Bukhara (616 km from Tashkent).
The region in the south-west of Uzbekistan is located – it is an undulating plain with insignificant elevations.
Only 1% of the occupied area, in the lower reaches of the Zeravshan River, is occupied by small oases (Karakul, Gijduvan and Bukhara), throughout the rest of the region the sands of the Kyzyl-Kum desert stretch.
The climate is sharply continental, deserted – with very severe winters and hot, dry summers.
The region is not rich in water resources. Amudarya and Zeravshan are the main rivers. From the Amu Darya, the Amu-Karakul and Amu-Bukhara canals have been built, supplying water to three oases, specializing in silkworm breeding, cotton growing, horticulture, growing cereals, vegetables and grapes. Here the processing of raw cotton and other agricultural raw materials is developed. The basis of animal husbandry is meat and dairy production.
Subsoil here are rich in minerals: precious metals, oil production, but the main wealth of the region is natural gas. Most of the explored and developed reserves of “blue” fuel in the whole of Uzbekistan are located in the region.
Despite the fact that the density of the population in the region is very low (in comparison with other regions), Viloity occupies a leading position in the development of non-ferrous metallurgy, in the processing of oil, in the fuel and energy industry, in the production of astrakhan smells and products of the gold embroidery factory. Dairy, cotton and grain mills, breweries, wineries and oil mills, confectionery-pasta and silk-milling factories function here, production of building materials is established.
Karakul plant – the only one in the republic – produces astrakhan golden, gray and black flowers that are exported to foreign countries.
The city of Gazli, built next to one of the largest gas fields, is located in the northwest of the province, 100 km from Bukhara. It is a modern city, twice devastated by a devastating earthquake in 1976 and 1984, but was quickly restored. It is from here that the “blue” fuel arrives in most regions of Uzbekistan and for its borders through powerful gas pipelines.
During its long history (2500 years) Bukhara repeatedly conquered, destroyed, lost its international importance as a center of spiritual culture of the East. But every time “Bukhara-i-Sharif” ( “Noble Bukhara”) newly restored, revived its economy, science and art, constructed new buildings. The first mention of it is in the holy book “Avesta”, entitled “Vihar” which in Sanskrit means “monastery”. At that time it was a small village surrounded by marshes.
After the domination of the Tajik Samanid dynasty, perhaps its greatest prosperity reaches Bukhara in the second half of the XIII century. By the XVI-XVII centuries the city became the capital of an independent khanate of Bukhara, and by the middle of the XVIII century – the emirate.
The central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble. Even in Soviet times on the tops of the minarets and domes of the sacred bird nesting Bukhara – storks. At a great height against the sky could be seen a clear silhouette of the bird. It was one of the city’s attractions. In Bukhara and its suburbs are located over 500 architectural monuments from different times and eras. It is necessary to wander through the narrow streets of the “old” town and give the impression you have that “time machine” will move you to the medieval East.
Basic historical architectural objects