The outskirts of the Western Tien-Shan is the Tashkent oasis. More than 20 centuries ago, at the crossroads of caravan routes leading from Russia to India, from China to Rome, from Iran to Mongolia, a small settlement called Uni (the first written records – the end of II beginning of the I century BC) arose. Then the names changed: Judge, Chach, Shash, Binkent. The current name – Tashkent – was first mentioned in written sources of the XI century. By the XIV century there already existed a large feudal fortress city.
Since 1930, Tashkent has become the capital of the Uzbek SSR. Now it is a large modern metropolis with a population of more than 2,500,000 people. Wars and natural disasters destroyed here many monuments of antiquity. After a devastating earthquake in 1966, the city was practically rebuilt. Tashkent is constantly growing and becoming more beautiful, decorated with new parks, fountains, boulevards and buildings built with the latest technology of earthquake-proof construction.
The administrative center is Tashkent (more than 2,500,000 people).
The continental climate in the region means a hot dry summer (on average + 35 ° C) and a wet soft, sometimes snowless winter (an average of -10 ° C). Only in mountainous regions is there a stable snow cover.
From the north-east and north, the Chatkal range and its spurs – Kuraminsky, Pskemsky (4301 m – Adelunga and 4229 m – Beshtar) and Ugamsky surrounds the Viloyat. The main part of the territory is a piedmont plain (400-600 m), smoothly descending to one of the main rivers of Uzbekistan, the Syr Darya with its tributaries: Chirchik with a turbulent water flow and “insidious” – Akhangaran. The origin of both rivers is in the western foothills of the Tien Shan.
Tashkent Oasis is the largest industrial center of Uzbekistan. All the enterprises of the ferrous metallurgy of the Republic and a small part of the color industry are located on this territory. The industrial branches are well developed: chemical, electric power, machine building, building materials, cotton cleaning, light and food. More than 250 state-owned industrial enterprises produce their products.
The leading branch of agriculture in the region is cotton growing, as well as wheat, rice (floodplains of Chirchik and Syrdarya rivers), vegetables. Well-developed viticulture and gardening. The Tashkent region is the only one in the country producing kenaf (spinning culture of the Malva family).
Meat and dairy cattle breeding, sheep breeding, poultry farming are widely developed.
Large research institutes are concentrated in the region: viticulture and winemaking, horticulture, cattle breeding, cotton growing, selection and seed production of cotton, rice, and silkworm breeding.
Railways (length – 354,200 km) and automobile (6,600 km)
The Great Uzbek highway is the name of the main highway from Tashkent to Termez, which is more than 700 km long and connects 5 regions of the Republic: Tashkent, Syrdarya, Samarkand, Kashkadarya and Surkhandarya
In the north-east of Uzbekistan and in particular in Tashkent region – a high degree of seismicity, as the process of mountain building continues. The varying intensity of the earthquakes periodically recalls the earthquake. Tashkent experienced 2 devastating earthquakes: in 1868 and in 1966.
The city of Chinaz is located 60 km from Tashkent in the interfluve of the Syr Darya and Chirchik rivers. From here the valley of the Syr Darya river is clearly visible, the channel of which is shared by the Tashkent region and the Syrdarya river. Here is the famous Chinaz fish market on the whole republic, where many kinds of fresh and smoked fish are sold – these are the gifts of the muddy waters of the Syr Darya: catfish and white cupids, pike perch and carp, asp and perch. The Syr Darya originates at the confluence of the Naryn Rivers (Petrov Glacier in Tien Shan) and Karadarya (Fergana Range), but flows into the Aral Sea-Lake. According to the high water content, it is second only to the Amu Darya, but along the length of (2,842 km) it is the longest river in the territory of Central Asia.
A gastronomic tour to Tashkent and the Tashkent region will surprise with its variety of gourmet flavors of every gourmet