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TOUT TO FERGANA VALLEY

6 DAYS / 5 NIGHTS


Tour to Fergana – “Golden Valley” of Uzbekistan.


Description

Long since the Fergana Valley people call the “Golden Valley” not because there are gold placers here, but because it is a fertile region with favorable climatic conditions, fertile soils, powerful water streams flowing down from mountain ranges. The cup – shaped valley is surrounded by spurs of the Tien Shan from the north and the Pamir – Alai mountain system from the south. One of the largest rivers of Central Asia – Syr Darya is formed as a result of the merger of two rivers: Karadarya and Naryn, rolling their waters through the territory of the valley, the area of which is 77.9 thousand square kilometers. This land began to settle by people in the VI-V centuries. BC. In ancient Persian and Greek chronicles it is said about the high culture of development of the region and chroniclers call it “paradise garden” because of the abundance of flowering gardens. The ancient Ferganians grew mainly grapes and alfalfa. It was these cultures and a special breed of horses that enjoyed popularity in neighboring countries, especially in China. In turn, the inhabitants of the ancient valley borrowed sericulture from the Chinese. Through the Ferghana Valley, the Great Silk Road passed from China to the Mediterranean countries, until the sea route to India (XV century) was opened. From this time, the gradual decline of the economy and culture began. The final desolation of the land came after the invasion of the hordes of Genghis Khan. Only in the XVI century. Trade relations with nomadic peoples are renewed. Since the XVII century. Fergana begins to trade with the Moscow state, and already in the XVIII century. Trade unfolded with China, Afghanistan, Khiva and Bukhara. In 1865, the Fergana region – the last stronghold of the Kokand Khanate – was colonized by the troops of tsarist Russia. With the Russians the “railway” came to the edge of the railway and cotton, horticulture, viticulture and sericulture become highly-traded. Fergana Valley, like all of Central Asia, becomes a raw appendage of the textile industry in Russia. Only after the civil war were the opportunities for the development of production forces and economic development of the region. In connection with the national demarcation conducted in 1924, the territory of the Fergana Valley was divided between Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The central, most flat part, where the Uzbek population predominates, is referred to Uzbekistan. In our time, the agriculture of the Fergana Valley stands out among other regions of the country with high culture, productivity and profitability (the basis is cotton growing). Enterprises of the region carry out a full cycle of cotton processing – from cleaning to the production of textile, knitted and garment products. A big place is occupied by the mining and metalworking industry. The Ferghana Valley is well known for its oil and gas fields. There is also a large oil refinery.


REVIEWS

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JANE GOLEMAN

I love discover the world !

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ITINERARY

DAY 1

Arrival in Tashkent International Airport. You will meet a representative of our company with the tablet and the vehicles will transport you to a hotel, where to place upon arrival. Next, you will follow in the restaurant for dinner.

DAY 2

After breakfast at the hotel, you will be taken at the railway / train station to the train Tashkent-Kokand (4 hours on the way). Tour to Ferghana Valley began. You will move through the picturesque mountainous terrain and overcome Kamchik (altitude – 2267m) through a tunnel length of 19km 200m. You leave the train in the city of Kokand. You will meet the tourist vehicles and will follow you on a tour of the city’s architectural monuments of XVIII-XIX centuries.

The earliest mention of the Kokand related to X a. Arab geographers travelers write about a small town or Hokand Hovakand, which was located on the site of the present Kokand. Later, apparently, it went into decline and disappeared. Secondary City originated in 1732 on the site of the fortress Claims-mound that emerged in the XVIII century. Having become the capital of the Khanate of Kokand, the city became a major trade and political center not only of the Ferghana Valley, but also throughout Central Asia. Kokand remained the administrative center and some time after Russia’s accession to the Khanate. Part of the city was built in the European manner: the right layout of streets, their landscaping, well-appointed home. More than 300 mosques and madrassas (Muslim spiritual school) rises majestically above the throng shacks poor people, but blazed his lush luxury palace, one of the last rulers of Kokand – Khudoyarkhan.

We go to the oldest surviving madrasa (1799) – Norbutay Bii, Bukhara erected by the architect. The entrance to the inner courtyard madrasa opens carved wooden door. The building is constructed of brick, without decoration. Next, we carried out to the main mosque of the Kokand Khanate – Juma mosque (1815). This oblong shaped structure in the form of a huge column aivan (canopy on wooden columns). The ceiling is covered with sumptuous painted stylized vegetative character. A further aspect of the show is the mausoleum-Dahman Shakhon (30s of XIX century). It is a small dynastic mausoleum of Kokand khans and their families, built in imitation of the famous shrines XIV-XVvv. Its walls are richly decorated with glazed bricks. Will end our tour visiting the Palace of the last Kokand khan Khudoyarkhan – Urda (1870). In the construction and decoration of the building was attended by the best craftsmen of the cities of the Ferghana Valley. The palace is raised above a large military parade ground on a high platform. All surfaces of the facades melkouzornym woven with tiled décor, and roadway gates – carved painted ganch (gypsum). The interior living spaces remarkable carved doors and grilles, carved Ganj and gorgeous multi-colored painting of walls and ceilings. Next we have the hour dinner in a restaurant or teahouse city. Having finished lunch, we go by car to the city of Rishtan (34km). Tour to Fergana Valley continues. It is an ancient settlement, known since the Middle Ages have always been famous for its pottery. From generation to generation the secrets of home-made dishes, pitchers, vases, etc. Products Rishtan ceramics has repeatedly demonstrated at the international exhibitions and exhibited in many museums. A wonderful souvenir of the Ferghana Valley. From Rishtan we go by road to the city of Fergana – the administrative center of the Fergana valley (50km). Tour to Fergana Valley continues. To build up the city began in 1877 and was then called New Margilan. Then it was renamed in Skobelev and became the military and administrative center of the Fergana region. From the beginning, the city was well laid out and beautifully landscaped. In 1919 he received its present name – Fergana. You are greeted at the hotel and place, then you go to dinner at one of the restaurants in town.

DAY 3

A short breakfast in the hotel and you leave by car with a guide to the ancient settlement Kubo (presumably IV-IIIvv BC) – 33km. It is located almost in the center of the city Kuva 15ga on the ground and surrounded by walls, the remains of which are preserved citadel. Archaeological excavations fort gained worldwide fame discovery religious complex comprising the sanctuary, and a Buddhist temple, where they found a broken statue of Buddha. After touring Cuba, you go to the city of Margilan (32km). The appearance of it, to a greater extent due to the Great Silk Road. The X a, according to the chronicler, Margilan (marginal) was known for products made of silk. The merchants carried Margilan silk Greece, Egypt, Kashgar, Baghdad. In the same period, one of the historians wrote that otrez this silk is all Bukhara grounds. When Sultan Babur – great-grandson of Tamerlane (the end of the beginning of XV XVI centuries) the city became one of the most significant in the Ferghana Valley. The later history of Margilan is similar to the history of Kokand and other cities in the region. Modern Margilan – is, above all, the city of silk. It enjoys wide popularity for its production factory, the first company which was incorporated in 1928. The purpose of your trip to the “City of Masters” – visit to the factory, where you will be introduced to the process of hand-made silk Uzbek national “Khan-Atlas”. Here you can buy your favorite stuff, and then you go back to Fergana. Dine in the restaurant in the city, and then, at the invitation of the guide, ride on a sightseeing tour of the city. Next on the program should be dinner at a restaurant.

DAY 4

Finished breakfast at the hotel, you leave by road to Kokand w / train station to the train to Tashkent. Tour to Ferghana Valley is over. On the forecourt you meet vehicles and taken to Chimgan mountains (foothills of the Tien Shan mountain range) on the coast of Charvak reservoir in the hotel complex «Charos Deluxe Resort and Spa» (80km 1.5 hours). You place on arrival at the hotel. After that, you go to dinner in a restaurant. And then the rest – at your discretion. Dinner on site.

You are waiting for an unforgettable hiking in the mountains, horseback riding and swimming in the warm, gentle waters of Charvak sea. You will have the opportunity to actively participate in the preparation of national dishes of Uzbekistan on an open fire, and offers an exclusive evening of the national folk music and dances, famous for its unique grace and plasticity. The primitive beauty of the mountain scenery and blooming nature will leave a lasting impression of your soul, and pure mountain air helps relieve fatigue before returning home.

DAY 5

After breakfast you will have time entertainment to your taste, and after dinner, you are leaving by car to Tashkent, where you will find accommodation in a hotel and dinner at one of the restaurants in town.

DAY 6

Breakfast at the hotel is complete, the guide will invite you to transport a city tour (3-4 hours).

In the spurs of the Western Tien Shan stretches Tashkent oasis. More than 20 centuries ago at the crossroads of caravan routes leading from Russia to India, from China to Rome, from Iran to Mongolia emerged a small settlement called Yuni (the first written mention – the end of the beginning of the II Ivv BC). Then the name changed: Judge, Chach, Shash, Binkent. The current name – Tashkent – first mentioned in written sources of the XI century. By XIV century there already existed a large feudal fortress city. Since 1930, Tashkent – the capital of the Uzbek SSR. Now it is a large modern metropolis with a population of over 2.5 million people. Wars and natural disasters have destroyed many monuments here. After the devastating earthquake in 1966, the city was practically rebuilt. Tashkent is constantly growing and prettier, decorated with new parks, fountains, boulevards and buildings, facilities with the latest technology of seismic resistant construction.

After sightseeing the capital of Uzbekistan will invite you to dinner at one of the restaurants in town. After lunch you travel to Tashkent International Airport. your stay on the hospitable land of Uzbekistan program is completed.

 

On the route you need to be: in the summer

  • closed comfortable shoes thickened soles
  • hats for protection from direct sunlight,
  • Sunglasses,
  • sunblock,
  • Outer clothing made of linen or cotton material, preferably with long sleeves,
  • swimwear

 

Seasonality action route – all year round

Programme stay on Route 1 and the last day depends on the time of arrival to the starting point of the tour and the time of departure from the destination, therefore subject to change.

TOUR COST INCLUDES

  • AIR AND FREQUENCY TICKETS ON INTERNAL FLIGHTSYES
    • MOTOR TRANSPORTYES
      • GUIDE SERVICES YES
        • ACCOMMODATION IN B & B HOTELS YES
        • LUNCHES AND DINNERS YES
        • INPUT TICKETS FOR THE PROGRAM YES
        • PHOTO AND VIDEO SHOOTING IN MUSEUMS NO

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