Classic excursion tour around the cities of the Silk Road

Our excursion tour in the cities of the Republic of Uzbekistan begins with the city of Tashkent – the capital of the region. This modern metropolis with a population of more than 2,500,000 people has a 25-century history. From the north-east of the republic, the route (with the help of an airplane) moves south-west to the city of Urgench. Where will proceed to the city of Khiva – “Open-air museum.” Within the walls of Ichan-Kala (the “inner city”), almost all the architectural objects of the show are enclosed, which constitute the historical image of the city (XVII-XIX centuries).

Holy Bukhara

       The next stop will be the city of Bukhara, which is 2500 years old. The central part of the “old” city is a complete architectural ensemble. In Bukhara and its surroundings are located more than 500 architectural monuments of different times and eras. You should wander along its narrow streets on your own and you have the impression that the “time machine” has moved you to the medieval East. Further along the route line follows the city of Samarkand – one of the oldest cities in the world (2,750 years old) – “Pearl of the East”, as the chroniclers and poets of antiquity called it. Nowadays, it is the second largest city in the republic in terms of the number of universities, with a population of more than 500,000.

Shakhrisabz – “Green City”

Having been in Samarkand, where the great Tamerlane was buried, it is simply necessary to visit the city in which he was born – Shakhrisabz (in the south of the republic). Here are the remains of the once magnificent summer palace Ak-Saray and a number of later medieval structures. Return to Samarkand is justified; one day of stay in it is not enough. From the capital of the empire of Tamerlane, the path lies in the capital of modern Uzbekistan – Tashkent.


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guided tour

Arrival in Tashkent International Airport. You will meet our representative holding a sign. Tourist vehicles will take you to a comfortable hotel.   Accommodation on arrival. Next you will go to one of the restaurants in town for dinner (your preference will be stipulated in advance menu).


After breakfast at the hotel – bus excursion (3-4 hours). Lunch at one of the restaurants in town, where you can taste dishes of Uzbek cuisine. After lunch, free time: you can walk on their own capital, or we will take you by car to the largest and oldest bazaar in Tashkent – “Chor-Su”. Dinner at one of the restaurants in town.


Early departure to Tashkent Domestic Airport for the flight from Tashkent to Urgench. Upon arrival you will be greeted vehicles that will transport to the city of Khiva (30km). Bed and Breakfast in the hotel. Then, accompanied by a guide, you will go on a walking tour of the architectural monuments of Ichan Kala with a break for lunch. Ichan-Kala – the “inner city” (26ga), formed around the citadel. Surrounded by thick walls (-10m height, length – 2200m), is a model of the medieval fortifications, Ichan-Kala contains within itself almost all the architectural display objects that make up the image of the city historically XVII-XIX centuries. After a busy day of sightseeing you can relax over dinner at the restaurant and taste the dishes of the city of Khiva cuisine.


After breakfast departure by car through the Kyzyl-Kum desert to Bukhara (450km). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival and you go to one of the restaurants in town for dinner. Afternoon you can use on your own, but we suggest you to walk to dinner on the streets of “old city”, where the focus souvenir shops with goods for all tastes).


After breakfast at the hotel the guide will invite you on a tour of architectural monuments of the X-XIX centuries. You will find the core of the ancient Bukhara – Ark Fortress (I-XX centuries); elegant, lightweight and elegant ensemble Bala House (XVIII, XX centuries); amazing in its beauty the mausoleum – a dynastic tomb of the Samanids (late start IX- Xvv). This building  is the first in the Central Asian region, people used brick as a building materials and for decorations ; XIV century architectural structure – mazar (shrine) – Chashma-Ayub, erected over the well of the legendary (Chashma) Prophet Ayub (Job). If the previous objects , which embedded in the modern Bukhara building, the central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble of XVI-XVII centuries: a complex of buildings Poi Kalyan ( “Beneath the Great”), grouped around the highest minaret Bukhara – Kalon (tower convocation to prayer). It was built in 1127 its height – 47m, inside – 105 steps leading to the top; on the right side of the minaret rises majestic building mosque Masjid-Kalyan, erected in the first half of the XV century over the remains of a medieval mosque XI-XIIvv. Reconstruction and updates were made in 1514; in front of the mosque is a building of Miri-Arab, erected influential Sheikh (head of a religious order) in the 1535-36 years. As with the outside, and inside the building is decorated with colored mosaics. This action madrassas, where young men preparing to serve in the mosques. In addition to the Holy Koran, they  learned science too. Well preserved  a number of indoor shopping arcades – TIMs. Very distinctive domed market buildings – yet. By the XV century belongs dome of jewelers – Taki-Zargaron to XVI – merchants dome hats – Tilpak-Furushon, dome changed – Taki-Sarafon and Tim Abdulla intended for sale silk. The covered passages of the city, acting in our days, you can buy excellent handicrafts, which from time immemorial famous Bukhara; one of the oldest mosques – Magokki-Attari, which, according to written sources, appeared on the site of a pagan temple, but was later substantially rebuilt in the XII century, and then in the XVI century.. A little on the narrow streets of Bukhara, you will be taken to one of the largest reservoirs of the medieval city – Lyabi-House, built in 1620g. Flanked by his three monumental buildings: madrassah of Nadir Divan-Begi (1622g.). The wall is dominated by its stylized floral motifs, among which are the images of flying phoenix; khanaka Nadir-Divan-Begi (a hospice for pilgrims and dervishes) – 20 years of the XVI century; the third building – madrassas Kukeltash (1568-69gg) – it was one of the biggest madrasa of his time (160 hujras – cells). For centuries, the territory on which the House, with the adjacent buildings that served as a place of rest and walking residents of Bukhara. This tradition has survived to the present day. The rich excursion program can be interrupted (if you wish, at any time) for lunch and dinner in city restaurants.


breakfast at the hotel, you go (by car) to the north of Bukhara in the country residence of the last Bukhara emirs – Sitora-Mahi-Hasa (the end of XIX century-1918). Old palace, built by masters from Bukhara, who studied Russian architecture in St. Petersburg and Yalta, is a mixture of European and Bukharan style. New Palace – is a complex of buildings (also mixed Eastern and European styles): arch gate, harem, greenhouse, covered gallery and the main building. Palaces are located in a beautiful park. Once upon a time, part of the territory occupied zoological garden where the grass roamed gazelles, pheasants and peacocks freely walking past and at present. After reviewing the splendor emir’s palace, you go back to Bukhara and have lunch at one of the restaurants in town. After lunch, departure to the train / railway station to the electric train, next to the city of Samarkand (2 hours 10 minutes on the way). On the forecourt you meet the transport that will take to the hotel. Housed on arrival, you go to dinner at one of the restaurants in town.


Breakfast at the hotel and our guide tour to the architectural monuments of Samarkand XII-XX centuries continues: magnificent mosque Bibi Khanum Mosque, built by order of Timur (Tamerlane) in 1399-1404gg. It was the tallest structure and lavishly decorated in the East at that time; the central area of the “old” city – the “heart” of Samarkand – Registan ensemble ( “sandy place”). Initially, there were shopping arcade, located caravanserais, bathhouses, trading pavilions, benches small artisans. These products were brought by merchants from different countries, Asia Minor and the Volga region, Siberia and Far East, Persia and the Arabian Peninsula. During the reign of Ulugbek – grandson of Timur (Tamerlane), Samarkand to become a major science center of the East. At that time, it built the madrasah (Muslim spiritual school) Ulugbek (1417-1420gg) in the market square of Registan. Only in the XVII century on the other hand it is being built Sher-Dor – “having tigers” (1619-1636gg). Its portal is visible heraldic emblem: a tiger, tearing a deer on the background of the solar face. Rounding out the ensemble of central Tilla-Kari – “gold plating” (1646-1660gg), which was erected on the site of the caravanserai XV century. with partial use of its foundations and walls. The building has joined the function madrassah and mosque of the city. Inside the luxurious interior of the mosque is painted flower and floral ornaments with abundant gilding; Timurid dynastic tomb – Gur Emir (1404-1405gg additional extension – the XV-XVII centuries). The construction of the mausoleum began on Timur’s orders in 1403 over the burial of his grandson Muhammad-Sultan, who was to become the ruler of Maverannahr after Timur’s death. Going campaign against China in 1404, Timur died in Otrar city (southern Kazakhstan) at the age of 69 years. His body was transported to Samarkand and buried in the crypt of the mausoleum of Mohammed Sultan. Since that time, he became known as Gur-Emir – “tomb of the Emir.” During the reign of Ulugbek mausoleum became the burial place of the family exclusively persons Timurid. Gur Emir attracts attention a wonderful combination of proportions, a living ornament mosaic tiling and a luminous blue of the ribbed dome. Once everyone who entered the mausoleum, met at the entrance to a beautiful plate with the inscription, said that the burial of Timur. This plate and a flap door, decorated with intricate carvings, ivory and silver are in the Hermitage. Inside the mausoleum on the marble floor, fenced patterned marble bars, are gravestones. Central – from a single piece of black and green jade – is installed over the grave of Timur. Deep beneath the floor is vaulted crypt with the graves of Timur, his sons, grandsons and two sheikhs (head of a religious order). The decor of the mausoleum used, apparently, all the available tools in the arsenal of the artist: stone carving and woodwork, stained glass windows and stalactites, but the most important position occupied by the blue and gold painting. They covered all the walls of the plane from the bottom to the top of the dome. The tour will stop for lunch in national Uzbek house where you will be a master class on cooking pilaf. After lunch, we take you to the biggest market of the “old” Samarkand, and can offer a visit to a small factory for the production of tissue paper. In former times there were many such factories on the banks of small rivers and produced them silk paper replaced the papyrus in the XIV century in Europe. Enthusiasts have revived the ancient technique of handicraft making paper from the bark of the mulberry tree and is now a place of pilgrimage for tourists coming to Samarkand. Wizard will show you the entire work process, after which you will have the opportunity to purchase their favorite products from tissue paper. This is a great souvenir – a typical Samarkand. Well, now you can dine in one of the restaurants in town.


Start the day with breakfast at the hotel, and then with a guide you will go by road to the home of Amir Timur (Tamerlane) – Shakhrisabz (about 100 km). You will drive through the picturesque countryside of the foothills and spurs of the Zeravshan Range (Pamir Alai mountain system). Climb the serpentine road to the pass Davenport Karachi (1675m). It offers a magnificent view of the great valley, lying in a frame of the mountains and is known as the Kitab-Shahrisabskoy. From the height of the pass you will see a blue-green oasis spot in the upper reaches of Kashkadarya river. Unforgettable impression! Going down from the mountains into the valley, you will soon arrive at the Shakhrisabz, known in III-Ivv BC under the name – Kesh. Only in the XIV century he began to wear the current title. It was the patrimony of the Turko-Mongol tribe, “Barlas”, which belonged to the great Tamerlane. The most imposing structure at the time was the summer palace Ak-Saray – “White Palace” (1380-1404gg), built by order of Timur. From grand palace there were only two pylons (foundations) of the entrance portal, supported by lateral towers. Above the arch, according to the chronicles, it was written saying terrible Timur: “If you doubt our greatness, look at our facilities.” To the south of the Ak-Saray is cult-memorial complex Dorut Tilyavat (the end of the XIV century – 1st half of the XV century) and to the east – Dorus Siadat (1379 / 80gg-1404g). After seeing the historical sights Shakhrisabz, you go for lunch in national Uzbek house where you will be offered dishes of Uzbek cuisine. After receiving a lot of impressions from the tour and dine, you are returned to Samarkand by the same route. After taking a rest in the hotel, you go to dinner at one of the restaurants in town.


After breakfast you go on a tour (continued) architectural monuments of antiquity: memorial museum of Ulugbek (grandson of Tamerlane) and the remains built on his orders Observatory 1428-29gg equal to that at the time was not on the Muslim East . Ulugbek was not only the ruler of the vast country, but also a great scholar of his time, an outstanding astronomer. Many data obtained in the Samarkand observatory, researchers in Europe used up to the XVII century. In the museum you will see the exhibits telling about the “astronomical Academy of the East” and its wonderful creator. You will be shown the remains of a huge sextant. Near the museum is the grave of Russian archaeologist VL Vyatkina, first discovered traces of the observatory in 1908; one of the greatest achievements of world architecture – ensemble of mausoleums of Shah-i-Zinda (XII-XIX centuries). From the entrance portal uphill run up two rows of tombs, mausoleums, between which formed a corridor. More than two dozen mausoleums, mosques, memorial and office space make this magnificent memorial. Facilities vary in size, architecture, color, decoration. Here adjoin bright colored mosaics, carved lace walls and doors with strict geometrical planes, almost devoid of cladding. Inscriptions that bizarre and at the same time organically woven into ornaments, decorating facades, left us the names of the great craftsmen of Samarkand, Bukhara and Azerbaijan; visible brushwork Iranian masters. One of his contemporaries wrote: “The heavens – the Moon and the Sun … sat down on the carpet meditation and bit a finger surprise – they had never seen such buildings and adorned with elegant”; Samarkand museum grounds, on the territory of the ancient settlement of Afrasiab, where you will see the world-famous original mural (VIIv) of one of the palaces, discovered during archaeological excavations. You will learn a great exposition of artifacts (with VIIIv on the XIII century BC), found on the territory of the settlement. Marakanda – so named by the ancient Greeks Afrasiab, Samarkand is the ancestor of the current. Here in the middle of the 1st millennium BC there was a fortress city, which was destroyed in the IV century BC armies of Alexander the Great. In the VIII century, rebuilt the city was again destroyed by the troops of the Arab Caliphate, but revived to life. After the invasion of hordes of Genghis Khan in the XIII century, Afrasiab ceased to exist and the residents moved to the south-west of it, in what is now Samarkand.

This is your excursion from the program ends. You go to the national Uzbek house for dinner dishes from the traditional cuisine of Samarkand. After a delicious and hearty meal, you will be taken at the railway / train station to the electric train, next to Tashkent (2 hours 10 minutes on the way). On the forecourt you meet the transport that will take you to the Tashkent International Airport. Sightseeing tour in the hospitable land of Uzbekistan is completed.

On the route you need to be: in the summer

  • closed comfortable shoes thickened soles
  • hats for protection from direct sunlight,
  • Sunglasses,
  • sunblock,
  • Outer clothing made of linen or cotton material, preferably with long sleeves

Seasonality action route – all year round

    Programme stay on Route 1 and the last day depends on the time of arrival to the starting point of the tour and the time of departure from the destination, therefore subject to change.








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