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PANEL GROUP TOUR

8 DAYS - 7 NIGHTS

   The group tour “Fairytale-East” in Urgench (Khiva) – Bukhara – Gizhduvan – Yurt camp in the Kyzyl-Kum desert – Samarkand


   The combined tourist group takes off flight 965 of S7 Moscow-Urgench at 22:05 from Domodedovo airport, on Mondays and Wednesdays.


DESCRIPTION


Khiva


The city museum “in the open air” is located on the territory of the Kyzyl-Kum desert near the Amudarya river. One of the legends about the origin of the city ascribes the foundation of Sima, the son of Noah, who created it from a sand dune, and then dug a well – “khivak”, whose name is supposedly named the city. Throughout its centuries-old history, Khiva repeatedly experiences periods of decline and recovery, until it reaches the culmination of development in the 19th century. Ichan-kala is an “inner city” (26 hectares), which is formed around the citadel. It is surrounded by powerful fortress walls (height -10 m, length – 2200 m), which are an example of medieval fortifications. Within the walls of Ichan-kala, almost all architectural objects of the exhibition are made, which constitute the historically formed image of the city of the XVII-XIX centuries.


Bukhara


   During its centuries-old history (2500 years), Bukhara has repeatedly won, collapsed, lost its international significance as the center of spiritual culture in the East. But each time Bukhoro-i-Sharif (the “noble Bukhara”) was restored again, its economy, science and art were reborn, new buildings were built. After the domination of the Tajik Samanid dynasty (IX-XIV), Bukhara probably reaches its peak from the second half of the 16th century. By the 16th century the city was the capital of the independent Bukhara khanate, and by the middle of the 18th century it was the capital of the emirate. The central part of the “old” city is an integral architectural ensemble. In Bukhara and its environs there are more than 500 architectural monuments of different times and epochs.


Yurt camp in the desert


   To the northeast of Bukhara are three mountain ranges: Karatau, Aktau Nuratau. In the north-western tip of Aktau city Nurata ridge located from which further way lies in the Kyzylkum desert. In the wide expanses of it, a light blue spill of Lake Aidarkul soon appears. His fate is interesting. For a long time it lay all alone in the midst of solonchak lowlands. The water was quite salty, as evidenced by its name – Tuzkan (UZB Ace -. G). Lifeless were the shores of this doomed to a slow drying of the lake. However, in the spring of 1969 as a result of unusually high floods on the Syrdarya River water it flooded into Arnasay spill and headed west into the depths of sand filled the vast salt-marsh depression Aydar and united with the waters of the lake Tuzkan, turned it into a part of a huge body of water stretching for The southern outskirts of the Kyzylkum desert for almost 200 km. The waters of the Syr Darya breathed new life into a dying lake. Its surface is increased many times, water has become fresher, turned green shore, there are many fish and waterfowl. On the winding banks of new reservoirs, many shallow shallows and shallow lagoons. Among the bluish expanse seen small golden island – a large sand dunes were surrounded by water. Their shores were covered with sedge, a lot of birds settled on them. On some islets you can see colonies of large white birds – pelicans. The ponds are rich in fish. Here there are carp, asp, pike perch, pike. Lake Aydarkul is an oasis in the desert, a wonderful blue expanse, lying in the golden frame of the sands.


Samarkand


   – One of the oldest cities in the world (2750 years) – “Eden of the East”, as chroniclers and poets of antiquity called it, is located on the territory of the Zeravshan river basin (“bearing gold”). The ancestor of the present Samarkand is the huge ancient settlement Afrasiab. Here in the middle of the 1st millennium BC. There was a fortified city, destroyed in the IV century BC. Troops of Alexander the Great. In the 8th century, the restored city was again destroyed by the forces of the Arab Caliphate, but again revived to life. After the invasion of Genghis Khan hordes in the 13th century, Afrasiab ceased to exist and the inhabitants moved to the south-west of it, to the territory of present-day Samarkand. The heyday of the medieval city is connected with the reign of Amir Timur (Tamerlane – 1370-1405), who chose Samarkand as the capital of his huge empire, which included Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, part of India, the whole territory of present-day Central Asia, and also were in the vassal Dependencies Egypt, Syria, Turkey, the Golden Horde, Mogulistan (the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan). In the 16th century and throughout the following centuries, Samarkand experienced a period of feudal disintegration. In 1868, the city was occupied by Russian colonial troops and entered the newly created Zeravshan District of the Turkestan Governor General. During this period, houses of European style are built here, parks, squares and boulevards are broken. Now Samarkand is the second largest city in the country with a population of more than 500,000 people.


600 $ / Person

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JANE GOLEMAN

I love discover the world !

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ITINERARY

DAY 1

Arrival in Urgench Airport —- (local time). Precast Group tour begins with a meeting with a representative of our company at the airport. Transfer by road to Khiva (35km). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival.

10:00 – Breakfast at the hotel.

10-30 – walking tour of the architectural monuments of Ichan-Kala. You will see madrassas Muhammad Amin Khan with unfinished minaret (tower for calling for prayer), why it is called Kalta Minor ( “Unfinished minaret”). Its height is 26 m; complex Kunya Ark (fortress-palace), but on the contrary – madrassas (Muslim spiritual school) of Muhammad Rahim Khan. Next, you will pass to the only surviving monument of the XIV century – the mausoleum of Sayid Alauddin. From it to the left until the end of the narrow streets will follow along the madrasa Kari Khan is now the repair shops and stores. Again, turn left and go down the steps to the madrasahs Shirgazi Khan, on the contrary, you will see the mausoleum Pakhlavan-Mahmoud. Directly on the direction of travel – a slender minaret of Islam-Hodge beautifully decorated with colored tiles, and near – madrassa and a mosque – it is the whole ensemble, which is located in front of the building of European architecture, built for Islam-Khoja novometodnoy school. Next, go to the main street of Ichan-Kala, where the cathedral is located right Juma mosque with a minaret and, following further yourself in the market square. To the right is a building of Ak-mosque, behind which there are public baths, and the left – madrassas Qutlugh Mudad-INAC with the underground storage of water – Sardoba. On the other hand there is another ensemble of buildings Alla Kuli Khan: madrassas with richly decorated portal, team (indoor shopping arcade) and a caravanserai. On the opposite side of the street – Palace Tash-Hawley with rich decoration of the walls (tiles, painting). Your tour can interrupt only for lunch and dinner from the Uzbek city of Khorezm dishes in the restaurant.

DAY 2

07-30 – breakfast at the hotel. Precast Group tour continues.

08-00 – departure by road to Bukhara through the desert Kyzyl Kum (450km). Snack on the way (fruits, vegetables). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival. Late lunch at one of the restaurants in town. Free time (you can safely, without fear to walk the streets of “old city”, where the focus souvenir shops with goods for all tastes). Dinner at one of the restaurants in town.

DAY 3

08-30 – breakfast at the hotel.

09-00 – Tour of the architectural monuments of the X-XIX centuries (main part of the display objects is concentrated in the “old part” of the city, which is a pedestrian zone and is dotted with narrow medieval streets). The first display object – it is the core of the ancient Bukhara – Ark Fortress (I-XIX centuries). With the city walls arch, rising 10-15 meters above the streets of Bukhara, offers a broad overview of the city with countless domes and minarets. Almost opposite the Arch across the square (Registan), is a very elegant, simple and elegant ensemble Bala House. Just one block away is a park, at the end of which is remarkable for its beauty of the mausoleum – the dynastic tomb of the Samanids (the end of the IX – the beginning Xvv). The building it is the first in the Central Asian region, built of brick as a building material and decor image. The ratio of alternating bricks laid horizontally, vertically, at an angle, hewn in the form of discs and rosettes, creating a rich architectural cover. If the previous display objects as if embedded in a modern building in Bukhara, the central part of the “old” city is a holistic architectural ensemble of XVI-XVII centuries. Inspection which you start with construction of the complex Poi Kalyan ( “Beneath the Great”), grouped around the highest minaret Bukhara – Kalon (tower for calling for prayer). It was built in 1127 its height – 47m, inside – 105 steps leading to the top. On the right side of the minaret rises majestic building mosque Masjid-Kalyan, erected in the first half of the XV century over the remains of a medieval mosque XI-XIIvv. Perestroika and updates were made in 1514. Its high altitude dome lined with bricks painted blue, argues with a bright blue sky. Opposite the mosque is a madrasah Miri-Arab, erected influential Sheikh (head of a religious order) in the 1535-36 years. As with the outside, and inside the building is decorated with colored mosaics. This action madrassas where young men preparing to serve in the mosques. In addition to the Qur’an, they are learning and science. Some religious center of Bukhara located shops of merchants and craftsmen’s workshops, sell to. The old bazaars of Central Asia generally were always covered. Galleries and dome protected from the scorching rays of summer sun, rain and snow – in winter. Well preserved are a number of indoor shopping arcades – TIM and domed market buildings – yet. By the XV century belongs dome of jewelers – Taki-Zargaron to XVI – merchants dome hats – Tilpak-Furushon, dome changed – Taki-Sarafon and Tim Abdulla intended for sale silk. The covered passages of the city, acting in our days, you can buy excellent handicrafts, which from time immemorial famous Bukhara. Near shopping malls is one of the oldest mosques – Magokki-Attari. According to written sources, it originated on the site of a pagan temple, but was significantly rebuilt in the XII century, and then in the XVI century. From the original building remained the main facade with asymmetrically arranged portal, hitting a variety of shaped masonry bricks and terracotta tiles ornament (baked clay), forming the present stone lace. A little on the narrow streets of medieval Bukhara, you will be taken to one of the largest sources of water supply of the city – to the Labi Hauz. Almost square pond Labi-House was built in 1620g. Flanked by his three monumental buildings: khanaka Nadir-Divan-Begi (a hospice for pilgrims and dervishes) – 20 years of the XVI century; the second building – madrassas Kukeltash (1568-69gg) – it was one of the biggest madrasa of his time (160 hujras – cells); Nadir-Divan-Begi (1622g.). The wall is dominated by its stylized floral motifs, among which are the images of flying phoenixes. For centuries, the territory on which the House (pond), with the adjacent buildings, was a place of rest and walking residents of Bukhara. This tradition has survived to this day. The rich excursion program can be interrupted (if you wish, at any time) for lunch and dinner in city restaurants.

DAY 4

08-00 – breakfast at the hotel.

08-30 – you say goodbye to the hospitable Bukhara and travel to explore the country residence of the last Bukhara emirs – Sitora-Mahi-Hasa (the end of XIX century-1918). Old palace, built by masters from Bukhara, who studied Russian architecture in St. Petersburg and Yalta, is a mixture of European and Bukharan style. New Palace – a complex of buildings (also mixed Eastern and European styles): arch gate, harem, greenhouse, covered gallery and the main building. Most interesting in this palace interiors of the White Hall and reception. Walls and ceilings are decorated with rich carving and painting ganch (gypsum) in the tradition of Bukhara architectural and decorative school. The undoubted attractions Mahasaya (as it is fondly called Bukhara) should include the carved gates with wrought copper nails and handles decorated with fine embossing. Palaces are located in a beautiful park with a variety of ornamental and fruit trees, lawns, a huge pond. Once upon a time, part of the territory occupied zoological garden where the grass roamed gazelles, pheasants and peacocks freely walking past and at present.

Precast Group tour continues. Then you make the move to the yurt camp in Kyzyl Kum desert near Lake Aydarkul (180km). Accommodation in Kazakh yurts (felt tents) on arrival. Dinner. Free time. You can go to the lake (5 km from the location). Dinner. Rest at a fire. Overnight.

DAY 5

09-00 – breakfast.

Rest in desert lake Aydarkul. Dinner. Departure by road to Samarkand (210 km). Accommodation at the hotel on arrival. Dinner at one of the restaurants in the city.

DAY 6

08-30 – breakfast at the hotel.

09-00 – Tour of architectural monuments of XII- XXvv. Begin your excursion into the history of the city from the Timurid dynastic tomb – Gur Emir (1403-1405gg additional extension – the XV-XVII centuries). The construction of the mausoleum began on Timur’s orders in 1403 over the grave of his grandson Muhammad-Sultan, who was to become the ruler of Maverannahr (Arab. “Across the river”, the area between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya) after Timur’s death. However, he died before his grandfather’s grandson. Going campaign against China in 1404, Timur died in Otrar city (southern Kazakhstan). His body was transported to Samarkand and buried in the crypt of the mausoleum “Sultan Mohammed”. Since that time, he became known as Gur-Emir – “tomb of the Emir.” During the reign of Ulugbek (grandson of Timur) mausoleum became the burial place of the family exclusively persons Timurid. Fully restored Gur Emir, attracts a wonderful combination of proportions, a living ornament mosaic tiling and a luminous blue of the ribbed dome. The decor of the mausoleum used stone carving and woodwork, stained glass windows and stalactites, but the most important position occupied by the blue and gold painting. They covered all the walls of the plane from the bottom to the top of the dome. Artistic and historical significance of the Gur-Emir has led to a large and lasting interest in his research. He devoted all pages generalizing works on Central Asian architecture. Next architectural ensemble – the area three madrasahs (Muslim spiritual school) Registan ( “sandy place”). This “heart of Samarkand.” Initially, it was a place of shopping malls. It housed caravanserais, bathhouses, trading pavilions, benches small artisans. These products were brought by merchants from different countries, Asia Minor and the Volga region, Siberia and Far East, Persia and the Arabian Peninsula. During the reign of Ulugbek, Samarkand to become a major science center of the East. At this time, not only built the famous observatory and Ulugbek (1417-1420gg) on Registan Square. Only in the XVII century on the other hand it is being built Sher-Dor – “having tigers” (1619-1636gg). Its portal is visible heraldic emblem: a tiger, tearing a deer on the background of the solar face. Rounding out the ensemble of central Tilla-Kari – “gold plating” (1646-1660gg) – it was built on the site of the caravanserai XV century. with partial use of its foundations and walls. The building has joined the function madrassah and mosque of the city. Inside the luxurious interior of the mosque is painted flower and floral ornaments with abundant gilding. Currently, the area between the three madrasahs biannual international festival of folk art, where singers and dancers from around the world demonstrate their singing and dancing art. Next you follow a magnificent mosque Bibi Khanum Mosque, built by order of Timur (Tamerlane) in 1399-1404gg as local architects, and exported from various countries. It was the tallest building in the East at that time. Facade and dome of the mosque give an idea of the original splendor of all the grandiose building, decorated with colorful mosaics, carved marble, curly script, lined with bricks, everywhere abundant gilding was applied. In the courtyard you can see the mosque learned from marble lyauh (music stand – the first half of the XV century) for a huge Qur’an. It is covered with Arabic script. The tour continues to show the ensemble of mausoleums of Shah-i-Zinda (XII-XIX centuries) – the greatest achievement of world architecture. From the entrance portal uphill climb two rows of tombs, between which formed a corridor. More than two dozen mausoleums, mosques, memorial and office space make this magnificent memorial. Facilities vary in size, architecture, color, decoration. Here adjoin bright colored mosaics, carved lace walls and doors with strict geometrical planes, almost devoid of cladding. Inscriptions that bizarre and at the same time organically woven into ornaments, decorating facades, left us the names of the great craftsmen of Samarkand, Bukhara and Azerbaijan; visible brushwork Iranian masters. One of his contemporaries wrote: “The heavens – the Moon and the Sun … sat down on the carpet meditation and bit a finger surprise – they had never seen such buildings and adorned with elegant”. Rounding out your day sightseeing visit to the memorial museum of Ulugbek (grandson of Tamerlane) and check balances built on his orders Observatory 1428-29gg equal to that at the time was not on the Muslim East. Ulugbek was not only the ruler of the vast country, but also a great scholar of his time, an outstanding astronomer. Many data obtained in the Samarkand observatory, researchers in Europe used up to the XVII century. In the museum you will see the exhibits telling about the “astronomical Academy of the East” and its wonderful creator. Near the museum is the grave of Russian archaeologist VL Vyatkina, first discovered traces of the observatory in 1908.

DAY 7

08-30 – breakfast.

09-00 – leaving in a mountain village (village) – 35 km on the road. You breathe the fresh air of the foothills, are familiar with the Uzbek rural way of life, customs and family traditions, you’re done with cooking pilaf and shurpa (Uzbek national soup), and then dine themselves and prepared dishes. Transfer to Samarkand. Dinner at one of the restaurants in town.

DAY 8

Breakfast at the hotel.

Your stay is completed in Uzbekistan. Precast group tour is over. Transfer to Samarkand International Airport. Flight to Moscow in flight ——- —–

SUMMARY:

  • the route is valid c 1 April to 1 October (seasonally work yurt camp);
  • the maximum number of people in the group – 18

For the active part of the route, you must have:

  • comfortable shoes thickened soles
  • hats for protection from direct sunlight,
  • Sunglasses,
  • swimwear,
  • sunscreen and mosquito repellent,
  • Warm clothes for the evening.

TOUR COST INCLUDES

  • AIR AND FREQUENCY TICKETS ON INTERNAL FLIGHTSYES
    • MOTOR TRANSPORTYES
      • GUIDE SERVICES YES
        • ACCOMMODATION IN B & B HOTELS YES
        • LUNCHES AND DINNERS YES
        • INPUT TICKETS FOR THE PROGRAM YES
        • PHOTO AND VIDEO SHOOTING IN MUSEUMS NO

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