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``ON THE TRACES OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS OF KHOREZM``

5 DAYS / 4 NIGHTS

ANCIENT CHOREZM AND ITS SECRETS


Khorezm oasis is the oldest cultural center in the west of Uzbekistan and one of the oldest areas of artificial irrigation. The civilization of Khorezm can be traced from the Neolithic (IV – the beginning of the III millennium BC) to the developed Middle Ages (XI-XIII centuries). Written historical information about the Khorezmians reported to us “Avesta” (the first half of the 1st millennium BC), where the name of the country “Hvairizem” occurs. Not far from Urgench (the present regional center of the Khorezm region), on the bank of the Amu Darya (Oaks, Jeyhun) in 1939, the famous Soviet archeologist and orientalist SPTolstov, the first (18) parking of a man who lived here at the turn of IV – III millennium BC. All these sites were called Kelteminar culture – a new stage in the development of human society. Ancient Khorezm is also known as the homeland of Zoroastrianism. Of the 63 religious monuments of this religion found all over the world (Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan), 17 of the oldest are located on the land of Khorezm.

On the right bank of the Amu Darya, in the north-west of Uzbekistan, is the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan (ancient Khorezm), covering an area of 165.5 thousand square kilometers, half of which is the Kyzyl-Kum desert.
In the oldest center of irrigated agriculture the population used the waters of the Amu Darya with the help of channels, thanks to which (from the 1st century BC) cities flourished, fields and gardens were green. Until now, only the remains of a small number of fortified cities (“Kaly”) have been preserved. Now this is the land of the desert, the sands of which keep the secrets of the previous civilizations.


Nukus – the capital of the Republic – is known all over the world by the I. Savitsky Museum, where a large and unique collection of Russian avant-garde paintings (early 20th century) is collected.

In 35 km. To the north of Nukus is an ancient necropolis, which covers an area of about 100 hectares. His age, according to scientists, is 2000 years. The place is full of mysteries and mysticism. In the sacred “Avesta” is mentioned the city of Mazda, built in honor of Ahuramazda – the solar god of fire-worshipers. Thousands of pilgrims visiting the necropolis of Mizdahkan believe that it is here that Adam’s grave is located, and the mausoleum erected above it is the “World Clock” that counts the life of mankind. Each year, from the ancient walls, one brick falls out, and when the latter collapses, the end of time will come. But pilgrims put small pyramids out of fallen stones, hoping for continuation of life and fulfillment of their desires.


“City of fishermen” – Muynak – is located 190 km. From Mizdahkan. Until 1990, the city was located on the shore of the Aral Sea – the lake, but as a result of a decrease in the water level in the sea-lake basin by 14.5 m, the shore retreated from Muynak for 150 km, and since the whole industry of the city was oriented to fishery activity 500 thousand centners of valuable fish were caught per year), Muynak lost its importance in the national economy of the country. Now he is notorious for the whole world with his “cemetery” of ships – the result of an unskilled human activity and thoughtless attitude to the ecology of the environment.


REVIEWS

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JANE GOLEMAN

I love discover the world !

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ITINERARY

DAY 1


Arrival to the international airport of Urgench. You will be greeted by a representative of our company with a sign and a truck that will transport you to Khiva (30km). Accommodation at the hotel upon arrival and dinner at one of the city restaurants (your preferences on the menu will be discussed in advance).
Khiva is a museum under the open sky, the only one in Central Asia, preserved in its primordial nature. It is located on the territory of the Kyzyl-Kum desert near the Amu-dar’ya river (Oaks), 450 km. From Bukhara. The population of Khiva is 40,000 people. Today, the architectural ensemble of monuments is represented mainly by objects of the late 18th century. And the beginning of the 20th century, concentrated in Ichan-Kala, surrounded by a fortress wall.

DAY 2


After breakfast at the hotel, the guide will invite you to a walking tour of the architectural monuments of Ichan-kala, which will start from the gates of Ata-darvaz. On the right stands the madrasah of Mohammed-Amin Khan with an unfinished minaret (the tower for convening for prayer), why it is called Kalta-minor (“unfinished minaret”). Its height is 26m. To the left of the gate is the Kunya-Ark complex (fortress-palace), and on the contrary – madrasah of Muhammad Rahim-khan. Next, you will see the only surviving monument of XIV-the mausoleum of Seyyid Alauddin. From it to the left to the end of the narrow street follow along the madrassa of Kari-khan, where repair shops and shops are now located. Again turn left and go down the steps to the madrasah of Shirgazi Khan, and on the contrary you will see the mausoleum of Pakhlavan-Mahmud. Right in the course of the movement – a slender Islamic-Khodja minaret beautifully decorated with colored tiles, and next to the madrassah and the mosque. This is the whole ensemble, opposite the building of the European architecture built by Islam-Khoja for the new-school school. Next, go to the main street of Ichan-Kala, where to the right is the cathedral Juma mosque with a minaret and, following on, you find yourself on the market square. On the right is the Ak-mosque building, behind which are the public baths, and to the left – the Kutlug-Mudad-inak madrasah with the underground storage of water – sardoba. Opposite there is another ensemble of Alla-Kuli-khan buildings: a madrassah with a magnificently decorated portal, a tim (closed shopping arcade) and a caravanserai. On the opposite side of the street is the palace of Tash-Hawley with rich wall decoration (tiles, paintings). Your excursion can be interrupted only by lunch and dinner from Uzbek Khorezm dishes in the restaurant of the city.


DAY 3


Breakfast in the hotel and a received dry ration for a snack in the desert, will allow you to go by motor transport, accompanied by a guide to the right bank of the Amu Darya, to the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan, to the small town of Buston (93km). Here, in the city park there are mock-ups of castles-cities – Kala, the remains of which rise among the sand of the Kyzyl-Kum desert and create the impression of an enchanted kingdom created by magicians, and not by human hands. First you go to the majestic ruins of Ayaz-kala, which means – “fortress in the wind” – IV-III BC (30 km), then move to Toprak-kale – “earth fortress” – the beginning of erection – I n .e. (32 km). From the country of mirages you will go to Nukus (180 km) – the capital of Karakalpakstan. On the site of the Russian military fortification, created in 1884, and then an ordinary kishlak (village), a modern city was built. Upon arrival you will be accommodated in a hotel. After a short rest you will go to dinner in the city restaurant.


DAY 4


At the end of breakfast in the hotel, with packages containing dry rations, you go by car with a guide to the mysterious necropolis of Mizdahkan (35km), which appeared near the ancient city of “fire worshipers”, which after the Islamization of the region was called Gyaur-kala (“pagan fortress”), – IV-II centuries. BC. Today, only the ruins of the clay walls remained from him. The sanctuary of Mizdahkan is an ancient cemetery on three hills, the first burials of which date back to the 2nd century BC. Among the old nameless burials there are shrines with which various rites, beliefs, legends are associated. The so-called “world clock” is a building that has survived only a third. Each person who has built a column of 7 fallen stones and made a wish, will receive his execution. It is impossible to take a stone from here – it’s a bad omen. On one of the hills every Thursday at dawn, women come who can not give birth to a child and, turning their faces to the “world clock”, roll down from the hillside, having recrossed 7 times. On the eastern hill of Mizdahkan there is a funerary tower (Zoroastrianism), around which archaeologists have discovered many ossuaries (a vessel for storing the bones of the deceased), remains of fabrics with gold threads, ornaments, coins, ritual lamps.


From the world of riddles and legends, your path goes further to the city of Muynak (210 km), which was built in the Soviet era and there are no ancient architectural objects. Tourists come here to survey the huge “cemetery” of fishing boats of various “colors”, who have embarked on forced and eternal parking in the midst of the solonchaks of the Kyzyl-Kum desert. This is a world-famous monument of ecological disaster. No one now will believe that it was the territory of a large port, that half of the Soviet Union provided canned fish to Muinak’s plants, which was “boiling” with life day and night. After such “excursions”, as a rule, people think that “life does not end tomorrow …” and that’s what happens if we live on the principle “after us – at least the deluge.”


In the civilized world – in Nukus – we return to the evening. “We’ll clean the feathers” and – for dinner in the restaurant.

DAY 5


Having finished a hearty breakfast, you will visit a museum bearing the name of Igor Savitsky – a historian by education and a great enthusiast who collected a collection of Russian avant-garde paintings of the 20th century. On the first floor of the building you will get acquainted with a historical exposition where artifacts found as a result of archaeological excavations of ancient sites on which you managed to visit are presented. Next, proceed to the second floor – the location of the famous Savitsky collection. Many avant-garde connoisseurs who have visited here say that there is no such collection of Russian avant-garde paintings in Moscow or St. Petersburg.


Having received a “charge” of positive emotions and replenishing your knowledge with the history of ancient Khorezm, you will go to lunch in one of the restaurants of the city. Well, after a hearty lunch, we will take you to the international airport of Nukus.


The program of your stay on the hospitable land of Uzbekistan is completed.
Ancient Khorezm says goodbye to you.


For the active part of the route, you must have:

  • Closed comfortable shoes with thickened soles
  • Headgear for protection against direct sunlight
  • Sunglasses
  • Creams from sunburn
  • Outer clothing – of linen or cotton material, preferably with long sleeves

Seasonality of the route – from April 1 to October 1
The programs for staying on the route of the 1st and last days depend on the time of arrival to the place where the tour starts and the time of departure from the final destination, therefore, they may change.


TOUR COST INCLUDES

  • AIR & FILE TICKETS FOR INTERNAL FLIGHTSYES
    • MOTOR TRANSPORTYES
      • GUIDE SERVICES YES
        • ACCOMMODATION IN B & B HOTELS YES
        • LUNCHES AND DINNERS YES
        • INPUT TICKETS FOR THE PROGRAM YES
        • PHOTO AND VIDEO SHOOTING IN MUSEUMS NO

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